Names of Caryota Urens in various languages of the world are also given. The flowers are pollinated by Bees. Calophyllum polyanthum Wallich ex Choisy, Calamus karnatakensis Renuka & Lakshmana, Calamus travancoricus Beddome ex Becc. Caryota urens English: fishtail palms; Solitary fishtail palm; Toddy palm; Wine palm. with cylindric, annulate, not or scarcely soboliferous, smooth, grey, shining, covered with long shallow cracks with corky edges. Agasthyamala 746. The bipinnate leaves are triangular in shape, bright to deep green, 3.5 m (11 ft) long, and held on 60 cm (24 in) long petioles. Jeelugu (Telugu: జిలుగు) Arecaceae (palm family) » Caryota urens. Female flowers: staminodes 3, ovary 3-loculed, stigma 3-lobed, sessile. Es- Flowers many, in triads with female flower in the middle. Key words: Caryota urens, Elettaria cardamomum, Myristica fragrans Seed germination, in-vivo condition ease 'katte' (Condiments and Spices 2011). Can anyone inform me about the origin / meaning of the name 'Bherli Mad'? Tall unbranched palm with peristant scars of leaf bases. References : Charles, A. et al., (2011), Quantitative estimation of primary and secondary metabolites on flowers of Caryota urens.L., International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, 2(3), 431-435. Malappuram Dist. Note : “Toddy” prepared by fermentation of plant sap is used as an alcoholic beverage. Fresh toddy laxative, but acrid, allays thirst and fatigue, applied to the head in hemicrania. Trunk & Bark : Trunk smooth, grey, with widely-spaced annular leaf scars, 12 metres in height and 30 centimetres wide. See more » Drupe In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside. India 6: 422. Improved in 24 Hours. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 15 m (49 ft) in height and up to 30 cm (12 in) wide. Abstract: Objective: To evaluate chemical constituents, in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of Caryota urens L. Methods: Qualitative analysis of crude extract of C. urens was carried out by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCeMS) method and their in vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated using DPPH, ABTS, reducing power and nitric oxide scavenging assays. Botanical Family Arecaceae. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Kitul Palm (Caryota urens) has a unique place in livelihood of tribal farmers of India. Leaves large , bipinnatisect, 6-7 m long, 3-5 m wide, arched and drooping leaflets 10-20 cm long, sessile, irregularly serrate-toothed on the truncate margins. Caryota urens is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Thrissur For. Description: Caryota urens is a solitary-trunked palm about 12-15(-35) metres tall. 1753; Hook. Caryota urens Arecaceae L. TREE MANAGEMENT The daily yield per tree of sap for wine and sugar from C. urens is 20-27 litres; its trunk yields 100-150 kg of starch. Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. The ultimate leaflets have a characteristic shape, somewhat like the tail of a fish, leading to the popular English name of fishtail palm. Spadix interfoliar, shortly peduncled, much branched, pendulous, to 4 m long; spathes few, 40-50 cm long. Sinhala (kitul); Tamil (kundal panai,koondalpanai,thippali,tippili,konda panna) BOTANIC DESCRIPTION Caryota urens is an unarmed, hapaxanthic, solitary or clustered, medium-sized palm up to 20 m tall; bole straight, unbranched, obscured at first by persistent fibrous leaf … In Asian subcontinent, Caryota urens L. plant is well known. Alappuzha Dist. Kitul palms are naturally grown in our country with a wide range of habitat. 1998; Renuka, Palms Kerala 35. 427. Fruit c. 2 cm across, globose, reddish purple; seeds plano-convex, subreniform. Calicut 300. The plant is not self-fertile. Live Statistics. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. This tree is known as 'Man' in Hindi and 'Supari' in Bengali. view with charts and images Biological investigation of Caryota urens 1.1: Rationale and objective of the present study Plants have formed the basis for traditional medicine systems, which have been used for thousands of years in many countries of the world. Just better. Periyar Tiger Reserve 470. Aanapana, Choondappana, Eerumbana, Kalippana, Kappa, Olattipana, Irampana, Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Toddy palm. Kottayam Dist. Recent. Crown: Scraggy with few very large fronds, up to 6 metres wide and 6 metres tall. This is an extremely fast growing species, getting upwards of sixty to eighty feet in under ten years in a relatively cool Mediterranean climate. ID 15804 Symbol Key CAUR3 Common Name jaggery palm Family Arecaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes … f., Fl. Peechi, Umikuppan, Kamamudi, Adoor, Thalichola, Ala, Athirumala, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more Tamil: Konda panei. It has several uses starts from extraction of sugary sap to beautifying landscapes. Telugu: Konda jivalaggum, Mari. Kitul (Caryota urens) industry is a traditional agro-based cottage industry in Sri Lanka. Commonly used ingredients across traditional Sri Lankan sweets are Rice Floor, Treacle and Coconut Milk. This means that after it finishes flowering, the entire trunk dies. Sweet toddy is used for making jaggery. Caryota species are the only palms with bipinnate leaves (meaning they are divided into leaflets that divide a second time). 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Description: A unarmed palms, up to 20 m  tall, 30-45 cm in diam. Caryota urens L. (PALMAE) Common names Kannada: Baini. UR-ens-- burning or stinging. It is a concentrated product of cane juice and often date or palm sap without separation of the molasses and crystals, and can vary from golden brown to dark brown in colour, and is similar to the Latin American panela. Common Name jaggery palm. Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family from the Indian Subcontinentand Southeast Asia where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings. Description. Tamil: Konda panei. Parambikulam WLS 363. Tamil: Konda panei. The roots are carbonized to give a charcoal preferred by silversmiths and goldsmiths. CARYOTA URENS L. IN HIGHLAND SRI LANKA YVONNE EVERETT Department of Landscape Architecture 202 Wurster Hall ... pana in Tamil), is a very common tree in the lowland rain forest and in mixed In Sri Lanka, jaggery is made from the traditional exploitation of a large-flowered palm tree called Caryota Urens or kitul. Spathes ca 45 cm long, closely embracing the peduncle of the spadix. 2013. Brit. Leaves large , bipinnatisect, 6-7 m long, 3-5 m wide, arched and drooping leaflets 10-20 cm long, sessile, irregularly serrate-toothed on the truncate margins. 480. 1989; Babu, Fl. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Casasia A. The terminal bud of the palm is edible and is eaten raw with jaggery, or cooked as vegetable, or pickled. How Caryota Urens is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. 1991). UR-ens-- burning or stinging. Caryota is een geslacht van palmen.De soorten komen voor in Azië, noordelijk Australië en op de eilanden van de Zuid-Pacific.. Soorten. Sepals 3. petals 3, reddish. A very strong fibre, the “Kittul fibre”, obtained at the base of leaf sheaths, petioles and flowering stalks is made into ropes, brushes, brooms, fishing lines and nets, bow strings etc. 1984; Antony, Syst. Hook. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Toddy palm Description: Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Human translations with examples: MyMemory, World's Largest Translation Memory. Quilon Dist. 1996; Sivar. Copyright © 2013 pilikula. Caryota urens is probably the most commonly grown solitary palm in cultivation, though its popularity is being surpassed by Caryota obtusa. Added in 24 Hours. Caryota urens - Bherli Mad: Caryota urens or Fishtail Palm is known as Bherli Mad or Dongri Mad in Maharashtra. Other details: We are offering wide range of Caryota Urens, a common specie, solitary-trunked to 12 metres (39 ft) in height and trunk 30 centimetres (0.98 ft) wide. 1189. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Petals linear-oblong, valvate. India, and Sri Lanka where it grows on plateau or in rain forest clearings. 829. 2009. 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Leaves bipinnate, 5-7 x 3-4 m; pinnae 1-2 m long drooping; leaflets alternate, cuneiform, 10-20 cm long, obliquely truncate, irregularly serrate-toothed on the margin, upper margin produced beyond the leaflets into a tail, quite glabrous, bright green, shining; petioles ca 6-8 cm thick. Scientific plant list. Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family, native to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar and Malaysia (perhaps elsewhere in Indo-Malayan region), where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings, it is regarded as introduced in Cambodia. Sinhala: Kithul. Tamil Nadu is situated in Southern end of India, east of Kerala and south of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states. Kitul palm is one of the most beneficial palms to the humankind. Male flowers: stamens about 40; filaments short, white, anthers acuminate. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. A fishtail palm is known botanically as a monocarpic plant. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Toddy palm : Description: Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Pronunciation of Caryota urens with 1 audio pronunciation, 7 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Caryota urens. Distribution: India: Throughout. 1892; Gamble, Fl. Kerala 26. These plant-based systems continue to play an essential role in health care, and it […] Pl. Rich. கித்துல் பாணி. kair-ee-OH-tuh or kar-RY-oh-tuh-- from the Greek karyon (nut). Casasia A. Caryota urens. Parts Used: fruits trunk: Uses: In India, the pith of young trees makes good sago. Tiny female flowers grow between the not-quite-as-small male flowers, on the same spike, and mature only after the male flowers bloom. The name 'Caryota' derived from the Greek word 'Cayotos' that means "nut-like" in reference to the fruit and 'Urens' means, "burning" or "stinging". et al., Bot. Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family, native to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar and Malaysia (perhaps elsewhere in Indo-Malayan region), where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings, it is regarded as introduced in Cambodia. Several folds of Southern Western Ghats separate the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Carda-mom is an expensive spice, seeds have a pleasant aroma and slightly pungent taste. Can anyone inform me about the origin / meaning of the name 'Bherli Mad' ? Caryota urens L. Symbol CAUR3. 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Eaten raw with jaggery, or cooked as vegetable, or pickled beneficial to! Grown in our country with a wide array of Caryota urens is for... Chemical that does sting, 2 translations and more for Caryota urens urens English: fishtail palms ; fishtail... Semi-Wild populations reddish purple ; seeds plano-convex, subreniform hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 and is frost.! Coconut Milk whose botanical name is Caryota urens in various languages of world! Look at other dictionaries: Caryota urens with 1 audio pronunciation, 7 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 and! Drooping from the inner stem pendulous, to 4 m long ; branches simple, forming a dense drooping... By fermentation of plant sap is used as an alcoholic beverage in Asian subcontinent, Caryota urens in... Beneficial palms to the humankind to 4 m long ; branches simple, forming a dense drooping. As a monocarpic plant inner stem smooth, grey, with widely-spaced annular leaf scars, 12 metres in and. Bark: trunk smooth, grey, shining, covered with long shallow cracks corky...
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